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Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing was a famous German writer and philosopher, most well known for his contribution to the ‘Enlightenment’ era. He became probably the first dramaturge, and this research and development position within the theatre uses his methods still. Lessing’s Life and Work Lessing studied theology and medicine at the University of Leipzig and gained his masters degree at Wittenburg in 1752. He wrote and was a reviewer for several publications before taking up the position of dramturge at the Hamburg National...
Kurt Tucholsky, a committed writer
Kurt Tucholsky was a German writer of Jewish descent (1890 -1935.) He also was a satirist and journalist, and he adopted many pseudonyms during his literary career; he signed as Ignaz Wrobel, Kaspar Hauser, Theobald Tiger and Peter Panter. He’s considered to have been a figure in German journalism, and he spent most of his life in his country, moving to France just in 1924. He was considered to be a democrat from the leftwing and his satires to political issues earned him a place among the greatest of his epoch. In his books, he warned...
Marcel Reich-Ranicki: ‘Pope of Literature’
Marcel Reich-Ranicki, a Polish-German Jew, was born in Poland, but moved to Berlin with his family a few years later. However, in 1929, he was deported to Poland along with thousands of other Polish Jews. In 1940, he was living in a ghetto in Warsaw with his parents, working as a translator and a critic. His Career After working for some time for the Polish Defence Ministry publishing literature from authors of the German Democratic Republic, he gave it up and started on his own as a freelance writer and also doing broadcasting work. In 1958,...
Friedrich Nicolai, a defender of literature
Friedrich Nicolai was a talented German writer, of great importance for the development of German literature. He’s famous for his defense of John Milton against Gottsched and other opponents. He wrote some romance novels like “The life and opinions of the Magister Sebaldus Nothanker”, which was reputed among his contemporaries, and some satires, like “The joys of Young Werther”, alluding to Goethe’s Werther, which was also well received by the critics. Another of Nicolai’s works that is worth reading...

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