Kurt Tucholsky, a committed writer

Kurt Tucholsky was a German writer of Jewish descent (1890 -1935.) He also was a satirist and journalist, and he adopted many pseudonyms during his literary career; he signed as Ignaz Wrobel, Kaspar Hauser, Theobald Tiger and Peter Panter. He’s considered to have been a figure in German journalism, and he spent most of his life in his country, moving to France just in 1924. He was considered to be a democrat from the leftwing and his satires to political issues earned him a place among the greatest of his epoch. In his books, he warned about the inherent danger of the German national movement, and his books were censored when the Nazis took the power.

The beginnings

Having spend his childhood in Stettin (currently in Poland), he returned to Berlin with his family to pursue his studies. He finished a doctorate in law, but he never exercised that profession. He’d already written some articles for journals while he was at school, and at university he wrote for the social democratic party.

Social commitment

Tucholsky went on writing till the outbreak of the war. He was conscripted and sent to the front. There he was a soldier and company writer. When the war was over, he worked for a while for a propaganda magazine, which he regretted later. But he never gave up writing for the left-wing cause and he criticized specially the militarization and antidemocratization of the new regime. He publicly denounced the political crimes against the German Republic and in his poems he appealed to the people to stand out against the injustice and inhumanities of the new system.

© Image via Wikimedia Commons – „Kurt Tucholsky in Paris, 1928“ by Sonja Thomassen Some Rights Reserved